Tag Archives: COP

29 November 2013

Loss and damage mechanism created at Climate Conference

At its 19th meeting, the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, established a new international mechanism to deal with the impacts of climate-related loss and damage. The mechanism, named the Warsaw international mechanism for loss and damage, is to ‘address loss and damage associated with impacts of climate change, including extreme events and slow onset events, in developing countries that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change.’ The decision by which the mechanism was established acknowledges ‘that loss and damage associated with the adverse effects of climate change includes, and in some cases involves more than, that which can be reduced by adaptation.’

Many richer governments, including the United States and the European Union, had opposed a new mechanism for loss and damage under the Convention, unwilling to open the door to potential claims for compensation based on their historical responsibility for global warming, but eventually agreed in return for weak language on financial assistance.

The organisation and governance of the executive committee of the Warsaw international mechanism is to be finalised at the 20th Conference of the Parties in December 2014.

Source: Thomson Reuters Foundation | UN 'loss and damage mechanism' born amid rising climate costs
Source: The New York Times | Deals at Climate Meeting Advance Global Effort
Source: Decision -/CP.19 | Warsaw international mechanism for loss and damage associated with climate change impacts (advance unedited version)

7 March 2013

Eight states threatened with trade sanctions in relation to their role in illegal ivory trade

At the Conference of the Parties of the of the Convention on the Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), eight states (Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Vietnam, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand and China) were identified as key to the trade in ivory and were threatened with trade sanctions if they do not address failures in protection against poaching, and failures in seizing illegal ivory trade.

Six of these states are states which most ivory passes through (Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, Malaysia, Philippines and Vietnam), the other two are the states were most ivory is bought (China and Thailand).

The news of threat of trade sanctions coincides with the publication of a report that details the increase in levels of poaching. The report concludes that illicit ivory trade activity and the weight of ivory behind this trade has more than doubled since 2007, and is over three times greater than it was in 1998.

Source: The Guardian | Two-thirds of forest elephants killed by ivory poachers in past decade
Source: UNEP, CITES, IUCN, TRAFFIC | Elephants in the Dust - The African Elephant Crisis | A Rapid Response Assessment
Source: The Miami Herald | Ivory trade nations face threat of sanctions